Zilog wants Nippon Electric to stop selling its PD780 chips and to Pay unspecified damages. New alarm Over Smoke detectors
DON’T rest too easy in your hotel bed next time you take a break.
Experiments at the government’s Fire Research Station have revealed that one of the main safety precautions that British hotels take against fire could be useless.
Smoke detectors installed in hotel corridors have an alarming ability not to detect smoke. Hotel fires are not a big killer in Britain.
But, when they happen and they attract publicity, and tighter regulations.
All hotels now have to satisfy a local fire officer that their precautions are up to standard before they can do business.
At the moment and the first line of defence is usually a smoke detector on the ceiling in every corridor.
If a fire starts in a room (and most hotel fires do) and the smoke leaks through the door and rises to the ceiling and sets off the alarm.
Anyone staying in the hotel should have plenty of time to escape before smoke blocks the corridors.
But a series of experiments in an old airship hangar near Bedford have shown that the sequence of events may not be as simple as that.
The fire Research Station’s fire Detection Department built a full sized hotel corridor and, for the first time, has monitored what happens in the early stages of a typical hotel fire.
“The important thing is to know the time delay between when the fire starts and the detector operates,” says Peter Burray, head of fire detection at the station.
If the delay is too long, people will not walk through smoke to an emergency exit.
But video films of fires carried out on the test rig suggest that alarms will sound too late.
Instead of drifting along the ceiling of the corridor and the smoke moves along as a solid plug. By the time it sets off the smoke detector and the corridor is blocked.
The fire researchers cannot say why the smoke behaves as it does ” only that the movement is far more complex than they believed.
“It is quite possible that the corridor could fill with smoke without the detectors knowing,” Burray said.
Among the factors that affect how smoke moves in a building are the weather outside and the type of heating installed, and the position of emergency light fittings.
Scientists at the fire Research Station are developing a computer program that can model how smoke behaves ” but, with the many variables involved, it will be a long job.
Until computers can take over and the only way to carry out experiments is to build a full-sized test rig, and set it on fire.
The research suggests that hotels would do better to install smoke and heat detectors in all rooms ” an expensive procedure.
But, even if they did, experience shows that people usually react far too slowly to an alarm, particularly in the middle of the night.
The research station’s scientists comment privately that only a big fire disaster will persuade the government to look harder at fire research. Can you copyright a computer’s syntax?
Zilog wants Nippon Electric to stop selling its PD780 chips and to Pay unspecified damages. New alarm Over Smoke detectors
Crystal Palace Polo
The 1992 National Cup competition at the Crystal Palace exhibition was once again attended by the top men’s, ladies’ and youth teams who had either fought their way through eliminating rounds or prequalified by high National League placings last season.
The open first round started on Saturday morning with the tie of the round between last year’s runners up, Luton, and top Scottish side Woodmill who, playing as CPC, won this event back in 1986.
Woodmill came out 41 winners this time to end Luton’s hopes of reaching the final again.
The first round produced no other surprises but credit must go to Fourth Division Birmingham University who played defending champions Bere Forest and, against the odds and much to the crowd’s delight and took a first half lead before Forest eventually came back strongly to win 41.
The quarter finals also took place on Saturday and produced a mixed bag of entertainment.
Meridian A had a very comfortable 71 victory over St Albans B and St Albans A also eased through to the semis with a 40 win against Viking. Fortunately the other two matches were considerably more exciting. Woodmill defeated Humberside 32 with a winner inside the last thirty seconds.
Woodmill came back well after Humberside had taken a 21 lead with a spectacular goal scored from inside their own half.
Bere Forest also had a tough match against Meridian B and, once again and they found themselves a goal down at half time but they took a 21 lead in the second half before Meridian B equalized to take the game into extra time.
Meridian B came close to winning several times but it was Forest who eventually scored the crucial goal in the last minute of sudden death extra time.
Sunday morning say the start of the ladies’ competition with St Albans A and Mutineers going through to the semis to play St Albans B and Woodmill respectively and the latter two having been given byes to this stage.
The youth quarter finals followed and St Albans went through after extra time against Tynemouth, along with Viking who beat Humberside 40. Friends of Allonby and Bere Forest were given byes to the semi finals.
The first ladies’ semi final produced no shock with At Albans A beating their own B team 31 but the other semi between Mutineers and Woodmill proved much closer.
Full time finished with the score at 11 and sudden death extra time began with Woodmill seemingly well in control until one of their players conceded a foul off the ball.
The referee allowed the free throw to be taken inside Woodmill’s half and Mutineers acted very quickly and taking the Woodmill defence by surprise to score into an empty net and earn their place in the final.
The youth semi finals did produce one surprise with Friends of Allonby beating youth league champions St Albans 31 while Viking looked strong in their 20 defeat of Bere Forest.
The open semi finals promised to be two very tight games and they did not disappoint.
The first pitched Scottish Champions Woodmill against Meridian, National League winners in 199091.
Woodmill controlled the game for much of the first half but could not get through the Meridian defence and it wasn’t until two and a half minutes into the second half that the deadlock was finally broken.
Meridian won possession in defence and broke very quickly, allowing Dave Higson to score into an open goal and give Meridian a crucial lead.
Woodmill piled the pressure on and were finally rewarded with a Martin Shores goal with only thirty seconds left.
Tough tackling and controlled possession by Woodmill were the dominant features of extra time and no goals resulted, making the game the first of the tournament to go to penalties.
Meridian fell apart on the penalties and Woodmill went through to make their fourth appearance in the final. Ewan Smale of St Albans B challenges Luton C’s Alex Watson
The second semi final really was a battle of the giants with defending champions Bere Forest taking on League Champions St Albans.
Not surprisingly and the game was very close and as half time approached it took a piece of individual brilliance to put St Albans ahead.
The Five Fantastic Dances and Little Prince Ballet Suite which fill out this disc also clearly demonstrate Glebov’s enviable abilities as a colourful orchestrator, and composer of indelible miniature sweetmeats.
Performances once again breathe the unmistakable air of authority (despite a strange jolt in dynamic about 2:20 into the Suite ), and the music (particularly the Symphony ) certainly repays investigation.
Volume 3 of the “Belorussian” series () concentrates on the music of Vladimir Soltan (born 1953).
Shostakovich may provide the melodic/harmonic starting point for the Second Symphony , although the fugally overlapping textures of the opening clearly hark back to BartÃ³k’s Music for Strings, Percussion and Celeste .
Even if a certain amount of the succeeding material unmistakeably evokes the spirits of Soltan’s immediate Soviet musical forbears, his endlessly resourceful and distinctive orchestration ensures that passing resemblances are never unduly pronounced.
The “Symphonic Poem “(no illustrative title) demonstrates a stylistic identity largely absent from the Symphony , presumably due to the freedom provided by the somewhat balletic, patchwork structure.
Soltan himself (cello) performs his Melody and Chorale for Cello and Piano (Valentina Vavlova), a strange amalgamation of Shostakovichian Sturm und Drang , and FaurÃ©an neo-modal sensibility.
The Cello Concerto (soloist Eugene Ksaveriyev), is by some distance the most personally felt and individual work in this particular programme (indeed the only one that fully avoids playing the stylistic “magpie”).
The overall mood is decidedly downbeat, but (thank God!) without recourse to the anti-Soviet “protest” mode, and constantly enlivened by stark (though never exaggerated) contrasts between lyrical and energetic musical material.
The Belorussian State TV and Radio Orchestra under Boris Raisky play with great passion and understanding throughout, if not always with the greatest of precision.
A new recital from Nikolai Petrov is quite overwhelming a tour de force of breathtaking virtuoso pianism ().
Clearly Prokoviev’s Sixth Sonata and Stravinsky’s Sonata holds no terrors for him; indeed he positively relishes every textural contrast, and change of articulation and dynamic.
Erwin Schulhoff’s neo-Ravel/Poulencian Third Sonata is also an absolute charmer in five movements, but it is Nicolai Kapustin’s jazz-inflected Second Sonata which left the most lasting impression, its perpetueum mobile Finale bordering on the insane in its executant demands, and I am sure that Petrov’s blinding performance is destined to become a classic of recorded piano music.
Had this been a studio “take” it would have been phenomenal, but the fact that it is “live”has one bordering on disbelief. No wonder the audience go absolutely wild at the end!
Finally a coupling of Prokofiev’s two Violin Sonatas with JanÃ Äek’s Sonata of 1914, played in fine style by the American violinist Andrew Hardy, accompanied by Luc Devos (who is incidentally the pianist in the Amati Trio:).
The recording is perhaps a shade too close, but is nevertheless warm and involving, and Hardy’s playing easily survives such scrutiny.
Indeed he makes a most ravishing, alluring sound on his “Mackenzie” Stradivarius (believe me, a Strad in the wrong [even experienced]hands can be absolutely appalling), plays with commendably secure intonation, and communicates an evident enthusiasm for the music in hand, well matched by the sensitive support he receives from Devos.
Whether Hardy’s slightly impulsive way with phrasing is quite what this music demands (all three works are in their different ways Classical in behaviour) will be a matter of personal taste, but, given the highly personalised response, I found it a most pleasingly seductive recital. [Julian Haylock]
The government funding has pre-empted the announcement of the opposition Labor Party’s science and technology policy which strongly favours the support of industry, particularly high technology.
It names 16 “sunrise” industries for support including biotechnology, computer technology and robotics, industrial ceramics and solar technology.
It also includes measures to free venture capital, boost industrial and basic research funding reduce foreign ownership of technology and an increase in finding for Antarctica of 300 per cent.
It now seems certain that, whichever party comes to power on 5 March and the latest funding measures will be upheld.
But one issue that can be expected to divide the parties in the final weeks is whether the controversial Franklin dam in Tasmania should go ahead. French greens fall out over local polls
Hopes that the French “greens” would follow in the footsteps of their German counterparts by forming a unified Green Party, have been dashed by a melange of ideological impasses, personal bitterness and struggles for power among the three movements involved. Their chances of success in the French local elections on March 6 are dashed.
It now seems likely that a “joint list” of green candidates for local government posts will only be submitted in the Paris region, and the Alsace, An agreement reached in October 1982 that would have linked the Amis De La Terre (AT) and the Confederation Ecologiste and the Mouvement D’Ecologie Politique (Now VPE) disintegrated last month when it became clear that the VPE wanted to have a dominant say over its two partners.
In an exchange of letters in January and tensions rose so high that the leaders of the two sides are no longer talking to each other. The VPE insisted that the AT cease separate political activity altogether.
It wanted the new structure to be a financially independent party with exclusive political loyalty from its members.
The AT, on the other hand, wanted the groups to continue as an association with individual members of each group able to join the new party if they wished.
Meanwhile the third movement and the Confederation, which represents regional associations, wanted grassroots control of the party and opposed the idea of a national executive, favoured by the other two.
The VPE, headed by Solange Fernex, also wants the funds left over from the Presidential campaign of Bruce Lalonde, one of the AT’s leading lights and to go into a common kitty and rather than being set aside for a future bid for power by Lalonde ” perhaps in the European parliament elections in 1984.
Despite regular clashes between the leading figures in AT and VPE, Lalonde and Fernex, Lalonde is keeping a low profile. He has much to gain.
Many expect him to emerge from the rubble as the undisputed leader of the French greens. Speaking satellite
A VOICE synthesiser aboard a British educational satellite is ready to send messages to schools, engineers at the University of Surrey announced this week.
The engineers built the craft, UOSAT and to relay information between radio amateurs and to make science lessons more interesting.
From Saturday and schools ” and anyone else with a cheap radio receiver ” can “listen in” to the satellite, which broadcasts data about the electronics on the craft with a voice synthesiser that has a vocabulary of 150 words.
The satellite passes over Britain every’ afternoon and the transmission frequency is 145.825 MHz.
For the exact times when the synthesiser is switched on (normally this will be only at weekends) space buffs can telephone 0483 61202. The arms race: is it just a mistake?
Conventional game theory shows clearly why East and West compete to out-gun each other.
Hypergames analysis explains why they do this even though both sides say they would prefer peaceful coexistence P. G. Bennett and M. R. Dando
Could it really be so easy to pull the wool over Mr X’s eyes?
Defence counsel called in psychologist Olive Tunstall to give an independent opinion.
Using a comprehensive selection of standard psychological tests between October and December 1979, Tunstall came to the conclusion that Mr X had an IQ of 80 and a reading comprehension age, in English, of 71/2 years.
It happens that Mr X’s preferred language is French, but even in that tongue he could not write or spell with any normal level of competence and his grammar was almost non-existent.
Before becoming a merchant banker, he had worked as a barman, waiter and later a salesman.
You can almost see learned counsel sitting back with a sigh “”the defence rests, m’lud. My client is too stupid to have committed these crimes.”
So, in January 1980 and the psychological evidence was presented in court, and duly challenged by the prosecution and by counsel for one of the other defendants.
They painted a picture of Mr X as a really bright cookie ” bright enough not only to run a crooked merchant bank, but to pull the wool over the eyes of the psychologists.
Enter expert witness Dr Alice Heim, a psychologist who said that, indeed, Mr X was faking his test answers.
Counter attacking and the defence brought in a consultant neurologist who testified, on the basis of medical records and EEG tests and to the likelihood of brain damage in Mr X in childhood, and a second clinical psychologist, who had made a special study of faking and said that Mr X couldn’t fake an IQ test to save his life, or words to that effect. It looked as if the defence had made its point.
But in April 1980 the lengthy trial proceedings ground to a halt because of allegations that attempts had been made to bribe the jury. A new trial was called, and early in 1981 the roundabout started up again.
Now, it was suggested that Mr X’s alleged subnormality did not seem consistent with a lifestyle that involved successful gambling in London clubs at a complicated card game called Kalooki and savings of £30 000, and familiarity not just with English and French but with Hebrew and Arabic as well.
More psychologists were brought in to assess Mr X, who must by this time have been suffering from IQ test overkill.
All said he was of low intelligence, and as a trump card the defence brought in Professor Hans Eysenck to consider all the evidence.
He agreed that the evidence in support of the assessment of Mr X’s low intelligence was overwhelming ” but the court refused to hear his evidence.
Heim again presented her view that the accused was faking, and added the comment that from her observations of his behaviour in the witness box he seemed to be of average intelligence.
Now, despite vigorous protests from the psychologists involved and the tests completed by Mr X were photocopied and handed round the court and to officials and jury.
It was put repeatedly to the psychologist witnesses called by the defence that whatever the tests might say those present could form as good an impression of Mr X’s intelligence from observing his behaviour in the witness box.
The scheme could help to curb traffic on Hong Kong’s crowded roads as well as distributing the cost of paying for the roads more fairly.
The technology has been developed by scientists at Britain’s Department of Transport and could easily be used to cut traffic in cities in Britain and elsewhere.
It is the first practical way of introducing “road pricing,” a concept recommended by a committee under the late Professor Reuben Smeed nearly 20 years ago. Smeed said that traffic in cities should be cut by having electronic tolls.
Whenever motorists used a particular section of road they would pay for the upkeep of the road and for the congestion they caused. In the Hong Kong scheme each car will have an “electronic” number plate.
As it passes over a toll point in the road (essentially a wire loop buried in the surface) a radio beam from the loop will interrogate the number plate and feed back the vehicle number to a central computer.
As the vehicle passes over successive toll points, charges will clock up on the vehicle’s account and rather like a telephone bill. Charges will be geared to cut traffic to a desirable level.
Like telephone charges and they can be varied from day to day and between evenings and rush hours.
The Hong Kong contract is a boost for Transpotech and the marketing company set up by Britain’s Transport and Road Research Laboratory.
One senior Hong Kong government official told New Scientist : “One of the things we hope to find out is whether the system can be fiddled. We’ve got a lot of electronics wizards over here you know.”
Dockland airport faces planning row
THE FIRST serious row over plans to redevelop London’s docklands seems certain to erupt soon.
It concerns a scheme, backed by the London Docklands Development Corporation (LDDC) to build an airport in the middle of an area scheduled for new housing.
The LDDC decided last week to support the plan for a commuter airport that could be in operation by 1985 and handle more than 100 aircraft movements every day from the port by 1990. The airfield is designed for short take-off and landing airliners (STOLS).
The construction company, John Mowlem, Hants to build it on the central pier dividing the Royal Albert dock and the King George V dock. A public inquiry into the proposal is due to start on 8 June.
A report to the LDDC last week said that landings and take offs could mean that a “small but significant section of the local community” would suffer noise levels above the level at which houses and schools should not be allowed (40 on the NNI index).
But the corporation says that 5000 jobs could be created by the scheme, although few of them would be at the airport itself.
The Civil Aviation Authority, which is drawing up safety and environmental guide lines for STOLports say that it sees “no problem in accommodating ” the docklands plan.
Local groups complain that the guidelines are bring drawn up expressly to meet the requirements of the port ” the first of its type in Britain ” and the Dash 7 aircraft that will fly to it From Britain’s regional airports and, later, abroad. Chemical Industry flirts with an old flame
Coal tar was the feedstock for all kinds of chemicals until it was replaced by oil in the 1940s.
Now the wells are running dry and the chemical industry is once again making eyes at coal Clare Bishop and Peter Maitlis
THE petrochemicals industry is one of the world’s largest with annual sales of over £40 billion ” excluding sales of fuel.
In order to raise this sum required (£5000) and they organised a Grand Bazaar which was held in St. Andrew’s Hall and formally opened by the Duchess of Montrose.
Thanks to the connections made by William Agnew amongst Glasgow’s high society and the Bazaar was extremely successful and raised more than enough to purchase a prime site on the corner of West Regent Street and West Campbell Street.
Never a person to let anything grow under his feet, Agnew arranged for ceremonies for every possible occasion; the laying of the foundation stone was greeted with great fanfare and a sense of occasion, and the official opening of the institute was a most elaborate affair in which beautifully designed invitations were sent out to many dignitaries.
This was followed by an exhibition of paintings and works of art by deaf artists in Britain ” so far the only kind ever held.
All artists presently living in Scotland, and many of the better known artists from England like Thomas Davidson, Rupert Dent and William Trood all sent paintings. Many were sold to raise further funds to furnish the new institute. Events in Glasgow in the 1890s
This was held at St. Andrew’s Hall on the 19th, 20th and 21st of November 1891, and opened by the Duchess of Montrose whose son was ironically soon to become totally deaf.
The Bazaar totally exceeded all expectations, and was a rousing success and raising in excess of £6,000 when the Building Committee had only dared to hope to raise at the most optimistic a sum of £5,000.
The monies raised by this Bazaar enabled the Glasgow deaf people to purchase a very prime and desirable site in the centre of the city. The Laying of the Foundation Stone
The ceremony of the laying of the foundation stone of the new Institute building was a very elaborate affair, and attracted many civic dignitaries.
In the picture shown above, William Agnew is in the centre, with the Rev. John Henderson and the missioner.
Other deaf people identified in the picture include Edwin Docharty lounging indolently on the left, his brother James L.C. Docharty to the right of the Rev. Henderson, and Alex McGregor and the regular columnist of the deaf column on the Glasgow Evening Times standing behind him. Opening of the New Deaf Adult Institute
On the next page is an exact copy of the elaborately-designed Invitation that went out to many civic dignitaries and wealthy merchants in Glasgow to commemorate the opening of the new institute.
Also illustrated is the front cover of the programme of the exhibition of paintings and works of art by British deaf artists held in conjunction with the opening. Football in Scotland ” 1890s
In the previous chapter, we saw that the start of organised football in Scotland amongst the deaf commenced in 1889 with the formation of the Scottish Deaf and Dumb Football Association which launched a knock-out cup competition.
For years before that, however, football enthusiasts in Glasgow had long been agitating for an international match against the deaf footballers of England, without success.
The established deaf football clubs in England were based in Midlands and Northern cities and towns where work was hard and money was scarce. London at this time did not even have any sports teams outside of schools.
At long last in 1891 the secretaries of the Scottish Deaf and Dumb F.A and Leeds Deaf and Dumb F.C.
came to a mutual arrangement to play a match between England and Scotland in Glasgow on the Easter Saturday.
An English team drawn from deaf football clubs in Newcastle, Leeds, Sheffield, Nottingham, Stoke and Manchester, accompanied by hundreds of supporters, made the trip to Glasgow (eleven hours by train from Manchester), and the match was played in excellent weather conditions at Ibrox Park before about 3,000 spectators and resulted in a 33 draw. In 1895, Leeds Deaf and Dumb F.C.
travelled to Glasgow to take part in the celebrations of the opening of the new institute and came away severely thrashed 60. Events in the North-West
Momentous things were also happening socially in the North-West of England following the highly successful venture by the local society in the opening of the first social club for the deaf in the country in 1878 at Manchester.